Category: Marxism

The Origin of Capitalism: A Longer View

By Ellen Meiksins Wood

Capitalism isn't a traditional and inevitable end result of human nature, neither is it easily an extension of age-old practices of exchange and commerce.

In this unique and provocative e-book Ellen Meiksins wooden reminds us that capitalism isn't a typical and inevitable outcome of human nature, neither is it easily an extension of age-old practices of exchange and trade. quite, it's a overdue and localized made of very particular historic stipulations, which required nice alterations in social family members and within the human interplay with nature.

This re-creation is considerably revised and improved, with broad new fabric on imperialism, anti-Eurocentric background, capitalism and the geographical region, and the diversities among capitalism and non-capitalist trade. the writer lines hyperlinks among the beginning of capitalism and modern stipulations similar to ‘globalization’, ecological degradation, and the present agricultural situation.

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Writings on Psychoanalysis: Freud and Lacan (European Perspectives: A Series in Social Thought and Cultural Criticism)

By Louis Althusser

With a number of never-before released writings, this quantity gathers Althusser's significant essays on psychoanalytic thought----documenting his severe and ambivalent dating with Lacan, and dramatizing his highbrow trip and bothered own life.

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Marx's Concept of Man

By Erich Fromm

2011 Reprint of 1961 variation. complete facsimile of the unique variation, now not reproduced with Optical reputation software program. Fromm presents what used to be on the time a brand new and provocative view of Marx's humanism that challenged either Soviet distortion and Western lack of knowledge of the fundamental philosophical underpinning of classical Marxism. integrated is usually a translation Marx's Philosophical Manuscripts.

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Marxism and the Philosophy of Language

Volosinov's vital paintings, first released in Russian in 1929, needed to wait a iteration for popularity. this primary paperback variation of the English translation may be capital for literary theorists, philosophers, linguists, psychologists, and so on.

Volosinov is out to undo the outdated disciplinary obstacles among linguistics, rhetoric, and poetics as a way to build a brand new form of box: semiotics or textual conception. Matejka and Titunik have supplied a brand new preface to debate Volosinov on the subject of the nice resurgence of curiosity in the entire writing of the circle of Mikhail Bakhtin.

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Marxism, Orientalism, Cosmopolitanism

By Gilbert Achar

During this number of essays, Gilbert Achcar examines the debatable dating of Marxism to faith, to Orientalism and its critique by way of Edward stated, and to the idea that of cosmopolitanism.

A compelling diversity of matters is mentioned inside those pages, together with a comparative review of Christian liberation theology and Islamic fundamentalism; “Orientalism in reverse”, that may take the shape of an apology for Islamic fundamentalism; the evolution of Marx’s appraisal of non-Western societies; and the vagaries of “cosmopolitanism” as much as our current period of globalisation.

Erudite and incisive, those essays offer a tremendous contribution to the severe dialogue of Marxism, Orientalism and cosmopolitanism, and light up the relationships among all three.

From Michael Löwy's assessment in Radical Philosophy:

This extraordinary little e-book is a assortment of 4 essays, such a lot of which deal with concerns raised through Edward Said’s Orientalism...
Achcar’s personal strong end [in the final element of the booklet dedicated to ‘Marxism and Cosmopolitanism’] brings jointly the 2 techniques of the Marxist culture: rebel and internationalist cosmopolitanism. it's this mixture, instead of postcolonial nationalism, that's the precise antithesis of neoliberal cosmopolitanism.

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Let Them Eat Junk: How Capitalism Creates Hunger and Obesity

By Robert Albritton

This is often the 1st publication to examine the foodstuff from a Marxist perspective.

Respected economist Robert Albritton argues that the capitalist approach, faraway from supplying at the promise of inexpensive, nutritious nutrients for all, has created an international the place 25% of the area inhabitants are over-fed and 25% are hungry. This malnourishment of fifty% of the world's inhabitants is defined systematically, a fresh switch from money owed that target cultural components and person greed. Albritton info the industrial relatives and connections that experience placed us in a scenario of simultaneous oversupply and undersupply of food.

This explosive e-book offers but extra proof that the human expense of capitalism is way larger than these in strength will admit.

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Sic Transit Gloria Artis: "The End of Art" for Theodor Adorno and Guy Debord

By Anselm Jappe

Translated via Donald Nicholson-Smith

Vol. 28, No. three, factor ninety: certain factor: man Debord (1999), pp. 102-128
University of Wisconsin Press
DOI: 10.2307/3685436

It is now tricky to withstand the impact that "the finish of art"—so usually and so noisily introduced, and simply as vociferously rejected, throughout the 1960s—has eventually turn up, albeit surreptitiously, and "not with a bang yet a whimper." For greater than a century the improvement of paintings was once synonymous with an uninterrupted succession of formal strategies and "avant-gardes" always extending the bounds of artistic task. The final interval of seeming glory ended, notwithstanding, before everything of the seventies, on the grounds that which period no new avant-garde tendency has come to the fore. All we've seen is a recycling of remoted and degraded fragments of the humanities of the prior. The suspicion that glossy artwork is exhausted has now began to impact even those that were the main resolute rivals of this kind of thought. The very least that could be acknowledged is that for many years we now have witnessed not anything even remotely resembling the formal revolutions of the years among 1910 and 1930. reviews fluctuate, evidently, as to if or no longer paintings of worth remains to be being produced. however it is not going that there's somebody for whom the paintings of modern years nonetheless represents "the good manifestation of the Idea," or perhaps an expression of the current interval as centred and wakeful as have been the literature, visible arts or song of the 1st many years of this century.

All an analogous, the trouble of the avant-gardes has no longer intended one of these go back to the prior that the detractors of these hobbies may have loved to determine. it really is it seems that artwork as an entire that's anguish a obstacle, and this as a lot with recognize to its formal renewal as with admire to its skill to specific the advance of society. As time is going on it turns into ever extra obvious that this is often neither a temporary stagnation nor a trifling obstacle of notion, yet a minimum of the top of a specific dating among paintings and society that has lasted for over a century. after all, texts remain written and released, photographs painted and exhibited, and supposedly novel types, corresponding to video or functionality artwork, attempted out. but this not at all justifies treating the lifestyles of paintings as an visible truth, just like the lifestyles of oxygen, as aesthetics persists tirelessly in doing. The query is whether or not inventive construction is now something greater than an anachronism overtaken by way of the particular improvement of social conditions.

Avant-garde and formalist paintings among 1850 and 1930 concerned the destruction of conventional varieties way over the elaboration of recent ones. the method had an eminently critical functionality, and in what follows we will try and convey that this serious functionality used to be certain up with the old section within which the kind of social association based on exchange-value used to be suffering to impose its rule. the entire triumph of exchange-value, and finally its situation, which we live via at the present time, have lower the floor from underneath the ft of the heirs of the avant-gardes, leaving them, despite their subjective intentions, bereft of any serious role.

Our spotlight will be a comparative research of the contributions of Theodor W. Adorno and man Debord, writer of The Society of the Spectacle (1967) and major theoretician of the Situationists. Adorno and Debord are one of the pre-eminent exponents of a social critique founded at the thought of alienation. either regard alienation now not as a few imprecise dissatisfaction with "modern life" yet fairly as an antagonism among humanity and forces that humanity has itself created yet that experience now entered into competition to it within the guise of self sustaining beings. This technique is none except the transformation of the economic climate from a way into an finish, a change led to by means of the clash among exchange-value and use-value. therefore caliber is subordinated to volume, skill to ends, and males to objects, whereas a historic strategy is decided in educate that obeys fiscal legislation by myself, eluding any type of wakeful control...

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Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays

By Louis Althusser

No determine one of the western Marxist theoreticians has loomed better within the postwar interval than Louis Althusser. A insurgent opposed to the Catholic culture during which he used to be raised, Althusser studied philosophy and later joined either the school of the Ecole basic superieure and the French Communist celebration in 1948. considered as a "structuralist Marxist," Althusser was once as a lot fashionable for his independence of mind as he used to be for his rigorous safety of Marx. The latter was once most sensible illustrated in For Marx (1965), and Reading Capital (1968). those works, besides Lenin and Philosophy (1971) had an important effect at the New Left of the Nineteen Sixties and maintains to steer smooth Marxist scholarship.

This vintage paintings, which so far has offered greater than 30,000 copies, covers the variety of Louis Althusser's pursuits and contributions in philosophy, economics, psychology, aesthetics, and political science.

Marx, in Althusser's view, used to be topic in his prior writings to the ruling ideology of his day. therefore for Althusser, the translation of Marx contains a repudiation of all efforts to attract from Marx's early writings a view of Marx as a "humanist" and "historicist."

Lenin and Philosophy additionally includes Althusser's essay on Lenin's examine of Hegel; a massive essay at the country, "Ideology and Ideological country Apparatuses," "Freud and Lacan: A letter on paintings in respond to André Daspre," and "Cremonini, Painter of the Abstract." The ebook opens with a 1968 interview within which Althusser discusses his own, political, and highbrow history.

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