Category: Philosophy

Ethics in Practice: An Anthology

By Hugh LaFollette

The fourth version of Ethics in Practice deals a magnificent choice of 70 new, revised, and vintage essays masking thirteen key moral matters. Essays combine moral concept and the dialogue of functional ethical difficulties right into a textual content that's excellent for introductory and utilized ethics courses.

  • A absolutely up-to-date and revised version of this authoritative anthology of vintage and modern essays overlaying quite a lot of moral and ethical issues
  • Integrates moral idea with discussions of useful ethical difficulties, and comprises 3 essays on idea written in particular for this volume
  • Nearly half the essays are written or revised completely for this anthology, which now additionally gains 11 essays new to this variation, in addition to accelerated sections discussing thought, reproductive applied sciences, conflict and terrorism, and animals
  • Content permits lecturers to debate discrete functional matters (e.g., euthanasia), concentrate on the wider grouping of themes (e.g., existence and death), or specialise in universal topics which bridge sections (sexism, ethical status, individualism and community)
  • Section introductions not just define the elemental matters mentioned within the essays, yet relate them to theoretical views and functional concerns mentioned somewhere else within the book.
  • Guides scholars with helping introductory essays on interpreting philosophy, theorizing approximately ethics, writing a philosophy paper, and a assisting website at www.hughlafollette.com/eip4/

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Understanding Ethics: An Introduction to Moral Theory (2nd Edition)

By Torbjörn Tännsjö

How do we locate actual or average ethical ideas to use to our daily lives? Torbjörn Tännsjö provides seven substantially diverse ethical theories, every one of which supplies a solution to what we should do and why. Tännsjö rigorously describes and assesses every one concept and places them into old viewpoint. He addresses utilitarianism, egoism, deontological ethics, the ethics of rights, advantage ethics, feminist ethics, and environmental or ecological ethics. This moment version comprises revised and clarified arguments, recognized "trolley" situations to demonstrate easy theories, and a brand new ultimate bankruptcy that addresses the impact of neuroscience and psychology at the formation of our ethical intuitions.

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Trials of Reason: Plato and the Crafting of Philosophy

By David Wolfsdorf

Scholarship on Plato's dialogues many times divides its concentration among the dramatic or literary and the philosophical or argumentative dimensions of the texts. yet this hermeneutic department of work is naïve, for Plato's arguments are embedded in dramatic dialogues and constructed via advanced, principally casual exchanges among literary characters. as a result, it truly is questionable how readers may characteristic arguments and theses to the writer himself. the reply to this question lies in transcending the scholarly divide and integrating the literary and philosophical dimensions of the texts. this is often the duty of Trials of Reason.

The examine makes a speciality of a suite of fourteen so-called early dialogues, starting with a methodological framework that explains how you can combine the argumentation and the drama in those texts. in contrast to such a lot canonical philosophical works, the early dialogues don't only show the result of the perform of philosophy. particularly, they dramatize philosophy as one of those motivation, the need for wisdom of goodness. They dramatize philosophy as a discursive perform, prompted by means of this hope and preferably ruled through cause. they usually dramatize the rigors to which hope and cause are topic, that's, the problems of figuring out philosophy as a sort of motivation, a convention, and an epistemic success. briefly, Trials of Reason argues that Plato's early dialogues are as a lot works of meta-philosophy as philosophy itself.

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Picture Imperfect: Utopian Thought for an Anti-Utopian Age

By Russell Jacoby

Many observers pass judgement on utopians and their sympathizers as foolhardy dreamers at most sensible and murderous totalitarians at worst. even though, as famous social critic and historian Russell Jacoby argues, not just has utopianism been unfairly characterised, a go back to an iconoclastic utopian spirit is essential for state-of-the-art society. Jacoby reexamines the anti-utopian mind-set and identifies how utopian notion got here to be looked with such suspicion. He demanding situations ordinary readings of such anti-utopian classics as 1984 and courageous New global and gives stinging opinions of the influential liberal and anti-utopian theorists Hannah Arendt, Isaiah Berlin, and Karl Popper. As Jacoby demonstrates, iconoclastic utopianism, formed via the works of Theodor Adorno, Walter Benjamin, Ernst Bloch, Gustav Landauer, and different predominantly Jewish thinkers, revives society's dormant political mind's eye and indicates new and extra creative principles of the future.

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Continental Philosophy: A Contemporary Introduction (Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy)

By Andrew Cutrofello

Continental Philosophy: a latest Introduction is ideal for college students coming to the subject for the 1st time. It introduces the origins and improvement of the culture, tracing it from Kant to the current day. Taking a transparent thematic procedure, Andrew Cutrofello introduces and assesses continental philosophy’s relation to basic questions in philosophy, akin to ethics, humanism, phenomenology, politics and metaphysics, centring the publication round the following questions:

  • What is wisdom?
  • What is ethical legal responsibility?
  • For what may still we are hoping?
  • What is ‘man’?
  • What is critique?

Andrew Cutrofello’s variety is full of life and fascinating. He additionally introduces the main in addition to the lesser-known thinkers of the continental culture: from Kant, Mill and Nietzsche and Husserl to Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, Sartre Levinas, Bataille and Kristeva.

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The Birth of Hedonism: The Cyrenaic Philosophers and Pleasure as a Way of Life

By Kurt Lampe

According to Xenophon, Socrates attempted to cajole his affiliate Aristippus to reasonable his over the top indulgence in wine, ladies, and foodstuff, arguing that simply exertions can deliver happiness. Aristippus wasn't confident. as a substitute, he and his fans espoused the main radical kind of hedonism in historical Western philosophy. sooner than the increase of the higher recognized yet relatively ascetic Epicureans, the Cyrenaics pursued a lifestyle within which moments of enjoyment, rather physically excitement, held the top price. In The beginning of Hedonism, Kurt Lampe offers the main complete account in any language of Cyrenaic principles and behaviour, revolutionizing the certainty of this missed yet vital university of philosophy.

The delivery of Hedonism completely and sympathetically reconstructs the doctrines and practices of the Cyrenaics, who have been lively among the fourth and 3rd centuries BCE. The booklet examines not just Aristippus and the mainstream Cyrenaics, but additionally Hegesias, Anniceris, and Theodorus. opposite to contemporary scholarship, the e-book indicates that the Cyrenaics, regardless of giving fundamental price to discrete satisfying reports, authorized the dominant Greek philosophical trust that life-long happiness and the virtues that maintain it are the crucial issues of ethics. The booklet additionally bargains the 1st in-depth attempt to appreciate Theodorus's atheism and Hegesias's pessimism, either one of that are super strange in historical Greek philosophy and which bring up the attention-grabbing query of hedonism's courting to pessimism and atheism. eventually, the ebook explores the "new Cyrenaicism" of the nineteenth-century author and classicist Walter Pater, who drew out the iconic philosophical curiosity of Cyrenaic hedonism greater than the other sleek thinker.

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The Cornel West Reader (Basic Civitas Book)

By Cornel West

Cornel West is likely one of the nation’s optimum public intellectuals and one of many nice prophetic voices of our period. no matter if he's writing a scholarly ebook or an editorial for Newsweek, even if he's conversing of Emerson, Gramsci, or Marvin Gaye, his paintings radiates a keenness that displays the wealthy traditions he attracts on and weaves togetherÑBaptist preaching, American transcendentalism, jazz, radical politics. This anthology finds the impressive diversity of West’s paintings, from his explorations of ”Prophetic Pragmatism” to his philosophizing on hip-hop.The Cornel West Reader lines the improvement of West’s amazing occupation as educational, public highbrow, and activist. In his essays, articles, books, and interviews, West emerges as America’s social sense of right and wrong, urging consciousness to complex problems with racial and fiscal justice, sexuality and gender, background and politics. This assortment represents the simplest paintings of an continuously compelling, frequently debatable, and totally crucial thinker of the trendy American experience.

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Sincerity: How a Moral Ideal Born Five Hundred Years Ago Inspired Religious Wars, Modern Art, Hipster Chic, and the Curious Notion That We All Have Something to Say (No Matter How Dull)

By R. Jay Magill Jr.

Humans have lengthy been duped through "straight-talking" politicians, confessional talk-show hosts, and fake-earnest advertisers. As sincerity has turn into suspect, the upright and sincere have taken shelter in irony. but our fight for authenticity in back-to-the-woods events, folksy songwriting, and a longing for plainspoken presidential candidates
betrays our eager for the holy grail of sincerity.

Bringing deep old point of view and a super modern spin to Lionel Trilling's 1972 Sincerity and Authenticity, R. Jay Magill Jr. argues that we can't shake sincerity's deep theological earlier, emotional resonance, and the feel of sense of right and wrong it has carved within the Western soul. From Protestant theology to work through loopy humans, from French satire to the anti-hipster stream, Magill navigates heritage, faith, paintings, and politics to create a portrait of a fantastic that, regardless of its abuse, is still a wierd magnetic north in our secular ethical compass.

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Past Imperfect: French Intellectuals, 1944-1956

By Tony Judt

Past Imperfect is a forthright and uncommonly damning examine of these intellectually unstable years [1944-1956]. Mr. Judt…does greater than easily describe the ideological acrobats of his topics; he's a pointy, even a vindictive moralist who indicts those intellectuals for his or her inhumanity in failing to check their political inspiration opposed to political reality.”

-John Sturrock, New York instances publication Review

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