Category: Science

Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming

By Naomi Oreskes, Erik M. Conway

"Merchants of Doubt should still ultimately positioned to relaxation the query of no matter if the technological know-how of weather swap is settled. it's, and we forget about this message at our peril."-Elizabeth Kolbert

"Brilliantly mentioned andwritten with brutal clarity."-Huffington Post

Now a robust documentary from the acclaimed director of Food Inc., Merchants of Doubt used to be essentially the most talked-about weather switch books of modern years, for purposes effortless to appreciate: It tells the arguable tale of ways a loose-knit staff of high-level scientists and clinical advisers, with deep connections in politics and undefined, ran powerful campaigns to lie to the general public and deny well-established medical wisdom over 4 a long time. a similar people who declare the technological know-how of world warming is "not settled" have additionally denied the reality approximately reviews linking smoking to lung melanoma, coal smoke to acid rain, and CFCs to the ozone gap. "Doubt is our product," wrote one tobacco govt. those "experts" provided it.

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Complexity: A Guided Tour

By Melanie Mitchell

What permits separately uncomplicated bugs like ants to behave with such precision and function as a gaggle? How do trillions of neurons produce whatever as terribly complicated as realization? during this remarkably transparent and companionable booklet, best complicated structures scientist Melanie Mitchell presents an intimate travel of the sciences of complexity, a extensive set of efforts that search to give an explanation for how large-scale complicated, geared up, and adaptive habit can emerge from easy interactions between myriad contributors. in accordance with her paintings on the Santa Fe Institute and drawing on its interdisciplinary ideas, Mitchell brings readability to the workings of complexity throughout a wide diversity of organic, technological, and social phenomena, searching out the final rules or legislation that observe to them all. Richly illustrated, Complexity: A Guided Tour--winner of the 2010 Phi Beta Kappa publication Award in Science--offers a wide-ranging assessment of the guidelines underlying advanced platforms technological know-how, the present learn on the vanguard of this box, and the customers for its contribution to fixing essentially the most very important clinical questions of our time.

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Palms of Southern Asia (Princeton Field Guides)

By Andrew Henderson

Southern Asia is an unlimited and ecologically various quarter that extends from the deserts of Afghanistan to the rainforests of Thailand, and is domestic to a marvelously wealthy palm flowers. Palms of Southern Asia is the single entire box consultant to the forty three genera and 352 species of arms and rattans that take place in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam. This beautiful guide's good-looking illustrations and succinct, authoritative, and jargon-free textual content make identity effortless. every one species account comprises the right kind clinical and customary names, and completely describes morphology, habitat, and makes use of. that includes a distribution map for many species and 256 full-color pictures, this is often additionally the single box advisor to hide the super diversified palm plant life of Vietnam, and the 1st to supply a taxonomic evaluate of the rattan species of Southern Asia.

Palms of Southern Asia is a e-book of significant significance for botanists and a useful relief for naturalists and conservationists, and it is the ideal box advisor for ecotourists touring within the region.

  • Covers all 352 certainly taking place hands in Southern Asia
  • Features full-color pictures of 256 species, many by no means ahead of illustrated
  • Includes a distribution map for many species
  • Provides the 1st taxonomic evaluation of the rattans of Southern Asia

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Elephants on Acid: And Other Bizarre Experiments (Harvest Original)

By Alex Boese

When Tusko the Elephant woke in his pen on the Lincoln Park Zoo at the morning of August three, 1962, little did he be aware of that he was once approximately to develop into the try out topic in an scan to figure out what occurs to an elephant given a tremendous dose of LSD. In Elephants on Acid, Alex Boese unearths to readers the result of not just this clinical trial yet of ratings of alternative outrageous, a laugh, and provocative experiments present in the records of contemporary technology.

Why can’t humans tickle themselves? might the typical puppy summon assist in an emergency? Will infants instinctually decide a well-balanced vitamin? Is it attainable to revive existence to the lifeless? learn Elephants on Acid and locate out!

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Value-Free Science?: Ideals and Illusions

By Harold Kincaid, John Dupré, Alison Wylie

Harold Kincaid, John Dupré, Alison Wylie (Eds.)

It has lengthy been proposal that technological know-how is our greatest wish for figuring out aim wisdom, yet that, to bring in this promise, it has to be worth loose. issues aren't so basic, although, as contemporary paintings in technological know-how reports makes transparent. The individuals to this quantity examine the place and the way values are focused on technological know-how, and look at the consequences of this involvement for beliefs of objectivity.

Reviews:

"Historians of technological know-how whose paintings has led them to puzzle over their very own and their old actors' judgments of the relatives among price and clinical truth will locate a lot of worth here."--Alan Richardson, Isis

"A worthwhile anthology of essays through modern philosophers."--Choice

"A good established and informative creation presents readers with heritage at the query of values in science.... a person who's drawn to the query of values in science...will locate Value-Free technological know-how? a worthy read."--Lisa Gannett, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews

Contents:

Chapter 1. Introduction
Part I: Case reviews
Chapter 2. truth and cost, John Dupré
Chapter three. How should still Sociologists research Social Problems?, Michael Root
Chapter four. Coming to phrases with the Value(s) of technological know-how: Insights from Feminist technology Scholarship, Lynn Hankinson and Allison Wylie
Chapter five. comparing Scientists, Brad Wray
Part II: proof and Values
Chapter 6. facts and price Freedom, Elliott Sober
Chapter 7. Rejecting the correct of price unfastened technology, Heather Douglas
Chapter eight. Is Logical Empiricism dedicated to the suitable of price loose Science?, John Roberts
Chapter nine. confident Empiricism and the function of Social Values in technological know-how, Sherri Roush
Chapter 10. the price Ladenness of medical wisdom, Gerald Doppelt
Chapter eleven. Contextualist Morals and technology, Harold Kincaid

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Autism's False Prophets: Bad Science, Risky Medicine, and the Search for a Cure

By Paul A. Offit

A London researcher was once the 1st to claim that the combo measles-mumps-rubella vaccine often called MMR brought on autism in young ones. Following this "discovery," a handful of oldsters declared mercury-containing preservative in numerous vaccines was once accountable for the disorder. If mercury brought on autism, they reasoned, disposing of it from a kid's procedure should still deal with the illness. hence, a few untested substitute remedies arose, and, so much tragically, in a single such remedy, a physician injected a five-year-old autistic boy with a chemical so one can cleanse him of mercury, which stopped his middle in its place.

Children with autism were put on stringent diets, subjected to high-temperature saunas, bathed in magnetic clay, requested to swallow digestive enzymes and activated charcoal, and injected with a variety of mixtures of supplements, minerals, and acids. rather than aiding, those treatments can damage those people who are so much weak, and especially in terms of autism, they undermine formative years vaccination courses that experience kept hundreds of thousands of lives. an overpowering physique of clinical facts essentially indicates that adolescence vaccines are secure and doesn't reason autism. but frequent worry of vaccines at the a part of mom and dad persists.

In this ebook, Paul A. Offit, a countrywide professional on vaccines, demanding situations the modern day fake prophets who've so egregiously misled the general public and exposes the opportunism of the attorneys, newshounds, celebrities, and politicians who aid them. Offit recounts the background of autism learn and the exploitation of this tragic via advocates and zealots. He considers the manipulation of technological know-how within the renowned media and the court, and he explores why society is at risk of the undesirable technological know-how and dicy treatments recommend by way of many antivaccination activists.

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Nonzero: The Logic of Human Destiny

By Robert Wright

In his bestselling The ethical Animal, Robert Wright utilized the rules of evolutionary biology to the learn of the human brain. Now Wright makes an attempt whatever much more formidable: explaining the path of evolution and human history–and discerning the place historical past will lead us next.

In Nonzero: The common sense of Human Destiny, Wright asserts that, ever because the primordial ooze, existence has a easy development. Organisms and human societies alike have grown extra complicated by way of studying the demanding situations of inner cooperation. Wright's narrative levels from fossilized micro organism to vampire bats, from stone-age villages to the realm alternate association, uncovering such surprises because the merits of barbarian hordes and the helpful balance of feudalism. this is historical past endowed with ethical significance–a approach of taking a look at our organic and cultural evolution that implies, refreshingly, that human morality has enhanced through the years, and that our intuition to find that means might itself serve the next goal. Insightful, witty, profound, Nonzero bargains breathtaking implications for what we think and the way we adapt to technology's ongoing transformation of the realm.

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The Discoveries: Great Breakthroughs in 20th-Century Science, Including the Original Papers

By Alan Lightman

During this beautiful and lucid ebook, novelist and technology author Alan Lightman chronicles twenty-four nice discoveries of twentieth-century science--everything from the speculation of relativity to mapping the constitution of DNA.These discoveries notably replaced our notions of the area and our position in it. listed below are Einstein, Fleming, Bohr, McClintock, Paul ing, Watson and Crick, Heisenberg and so on. With notable perception, Lightman charts the highbrow and emotional panorama of the time, portrays the human drama of discovery, and explains the importance and impression of the paintings. ultimately he encompasses a attention-grabbing and special guided journey during the unique papers within which the discoveries have been published. this is technology writing at its best–beautiful, lyrical and entirely obtainable. It brings the method of discovery to lifestyles sooner than our very eyes.

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Maghreb et Moyen-Orient dans la mondialisation

By Bouziane Semmoud

Resource majeure d’énergie, siège d’un des conflits politiques les plus tenaces du XXe siècle, le Maghreb – Moyen-Orient est au cœur d’enjeux mondiaux. L’insertion de l. a. région dans los angeles mondialisation ne peut toutefois s’y réduire : elle est commerciale, financière, militaire et culturelle ; inégale d’un will pay à l’autre mais presque toujours en place plus subordonnée qu’active. Elle recompose territoires et sociétés et produit, au touch de jeux d’intérêt locaux, à los angeles fois convergence libérale et reflux de l. a. diversité culturelle.
L’ouvrage discover les thèmes qui en rendent compte : tensions et confl its géopolitiques, hydrocarbures, funds, tourisme, industrie, agriculture, échanges commerciaux, migrations internationales, stream des capitaux, companies, and so on. Le cadre euroméditerranéen est privilégié vehicle il cristallise l’essentiel de cette insertion et des rapports asymétriques Nord- Sud qui en résultent. 
Le recours à l. a. longue durée et l’approche multiscalaire permettent d’appréhender les mécanismes de développement ou de sous-développement et les inégalités qu’ils produisent. Cette synthèse éclaire los angeles grande fragilité et l. a. sensibilité désormais très distinctiveness aux crises mondiales, de sociétés devenues plus vulnérables et de territoires de plus en plus extravertis et marqués par des disparités grandissantes.

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