Category: Science

L'Histoire comme système

By José Ortega y Gasset

Initialement prévu pour une conférence en 1934, ce texte en preserve toute l. a. sève. Ortega y Gasset y fait l. a. critique de l. a. raison scientifique et esquisse un modèle nouveau pour les sciences humaines. D'après lui, toute technology doit avoir pour objet les croyances qu'on en a. Le philosophe distingue notamment croyance inerte et croyance vive. Par exemple, los angeles foi en Dieu à l. a. Renaissance constituait une croyance inerte, au contraire de los angeles raison cartésienne, croyance vive à l'origine d'une confiance nouvelle dans les sciences. Or, cette croyance dans los angeles technological know-how est à présent mise à mal. Si los angeles nature peut se fonder sur des lois invariables, permettant à los angeles technological know-how d'en fournir un modèle d’explication, celle-ci ne peut rendre compte de l'homme lui-même, insoumis à de telles lois. Aux yeux d'Ortega y Gasset l'idée de nature, fondée sur des invariants, n'est qu'un inspiration projeté sur le réel, alors que l'homme est fondamentalement changement. Il traverse des formes de vie qui, épuisées, accouchent de nouvelles formes. L'homme n'a donc pas de nature immuable mais une histoire.

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A Short History of Nearly Everything

By Bill Bryson

One of the world’s such a lot loved writers and bestselling writer of One Summer takes his final journey—into the main fascinating and intractable questions that technological know-how seeks to answer.

In A stroll within the Woods, invoice Bryson trekked the Appalachian Trailwell, such a lot of it. In A Sunburned Country, he faced probably the most deadly natural world Australia has to provide. Now, in his largest ebook, he confronts his maximum problem: to understandand, if attainable, answerthe oldest, largest questions now we have posed in regards to the universe and ourselves. Taking as territory every thing from the large Bang to the increase of civilization, Bryson seeks to appreciate how we bought from there being not anything in any respect to there being us. as a result, he has hooked up himself to a number of the world’s such a lot complex (and frequently obsessed) archaeologists, anthropologists, and mathematicians, traveling to their places of work, laboratories, and box camps. He has learn (or attempted to learn) their books, pestered them with questions, apprenticed himself to their strong minds. A brief heritage of approximately every thing is the checklist of this quest, and it's a occasionally profound, occasionally humorous, and continually supremely transparent and interesting event within the geographical regions of human wisdom, as purely invoice Bryson can render it. technology hasn't ever been extra related to or unique.

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Differential Diagnosis in Pediatric Dermatology

This booklet is dedicated solely to differential analysis in pediatric dermatology. It covers the entire variety of appropriate stipulations: inherited dermis issues; nevi; viral, bacterial, fungal, and parasitic infections; zits; allergic illnesses; autoimmune dermis issues; connective tissue illnesses; tumors; and miscellaneous stipulations. every one comparability addresses the differential prognosis among (or sometimes 3 or 4) dermatological stipulations, containing among and 6 photos and a brief textual content emphasizing the scientific adjustments among the ailments in query. on the finish of every bankruptcy, a precis highlights one or features crucial for the differential analysis. the writer is knowledgeable who, due to the fact that 1982, has been chargeable for a column dedicated to the differential prognosis of pediatric dermatology within the ecu magazine of Pediatric Dermatology. the quantity will symbolize an excellent device for pediatric dermatologists, pediatricians, and GPs, and may aid them within the diagnostic process.​

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Human Evolution: A Very Short Introduction

The new discovery of the diminutive Homo floresiensis (nicknamed "the Hobbit") in Indonesia has sparked new curiosity within the examine of human evolution. during this Very brief Introduction, popular evolutionary pupil Bernard wooden lines the historical past of paleoanthropology from its beginnings within the eighteenth century to ultra-modern most modern fossil unearths. alongside the way in which we're brought to the full of life forged of characters, earlier and current, eager about evolutionary examine. even though focusing on the fossil proof for human evolution, the ebook additionally covers the newest genetic proof approximately nearby adaptations within the smooth human genome that relate to our evolutionary heritage. wooden attracts on over thirty years of expertise to supply an insiders view of the sphere, and demonstrates that our knowing of human evolution is significantly depending on advances in comparable sciences equivalent to paleoclimatology, geochronology, systematics, genetics, and developmental biology. this can be an excellent advent for someone drawn to the origins and improvement of humankind.

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Persuasive Advertising: Evidence-based Principles

Written via a number one authority, this ebook is a entire and definitive advisor to advertisements that comes with an enormous volume of study and specialist opinion. It attracts upon the facts to set up rules that may be utilized to accomplish profitable and potent ads and evaluates all the appropriate attributes and facets of this.

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Transcendence: The Disinformation Encyclopedia of Transhumanism and the Singularity

By Jay Cornell

Transhumanism is a global stream that advocates using technological know-how and know-how to beat the "natural" barriers skilled through humanity via such advancements as:

  • the Singularity--the production of computer intelligences that exceed the capacities of our organic brains
  • the skill to copy person minds and positioned them into solid-state our bodies or digital environments
  • individual keep an eye on over psychological and emotional states for boosting functionalities and/or ecstasies

Some of this can be occurring now. a few of it really is nonetheless within the minds of dreamers.

In approximately 90 A-Z entries, Transcendence offers a multilayered examine the accelerating advances in synthetic intelligence, cognitive technological know-how, genomics, info expertise, nanotechnology, neuroscience, area exploration, man made biology, robotics, and digital worlds which are making transhumanism a fact. Entries diversity from Cloning and Cyborg Feminism to fashion designer infants and Memory-Editing medicines. additionally, the ebook notes historic predecessors and personalities, either in mythology and history--ranging from Timothy Leary to Michael Jackson to Ray Kurzweil. It additionally introduces the tradition round Transhumanism, protecting all of the geeky obsessions of the Transhumanist circulate.

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Kitchen Science Lab for Kids: 52 Family Friendly Experiments from the Pantry (Hands-On Family)

By Liz Lee Heinecke

At-home technology offers an atmosphere for freedom, creativity and invention that's not consistently attainable in a faculty surroundings. on your personal kitchen, it’s easy, reasonably cheap, and enjoyable to whip up a few outstanding technological know-how experiments utilizing daily ingredients.
 
Science will be as effortless as baking. Hands-On kin: Kitchen technology Lab for Kids bargains fifty two enjoyable technological know-how actions for households to do jointly. The experiments can be utilized as person tasks, for events, or as academic actions groups.
 

Kitchen technological know-how Lab for Kids will tempt households to prepare dinner up a few physics, chemistry and biology of their personal kitchens and again yards. a few of the experiments are secure sufficient for tots and interesting adequate for older young ones, so households can notice the enjoyment of technological know-how jointly.

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Periodic Tales: A Cultural History of the Elements, from Arsenic to Zinc

By Hugh Aldersey-Williams

Within the spirit of A brief heritage of approximately Everything comes Periodic Tales. Award-winning technological know-how author Hugh Andersey-Williams bargains readers a charming examine the elements—and the fantastic, little-known tales in the back of their discoveries. Periodic Tales is an brisk and wide-ranging publication of techniques and innovators, of superstition and technological know-how and the myriad methods the chemical components are woven into our tradition, background, and language. it is going to satisfaction readers of Genome, Einstein’s Dreams, Longitude, and The Age of Wonder

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Arrival of the Fittest: Solving Evolution's Greatest Puzzle

“Natural choice can look after ideas, however it can't create them. Nature’s many innovations—some uncannily perfect—call for typical rules that speed up life’s skill to innovate.”

Darwin’s thought of usual choice explains how priceless variations are preserved over the years. however the greatest secret approximately evolution eluded him. As genetics pioneer Hugo de Vries positioned it, “natural choice may well clarify the survival of the fittest, however it can't clarify the arriving of the fittest.”

Can random mutations over a trifling 3.8 billion years relatively be accountable for wings, eyeballs, knees, camouflage, lactose digestion, photosynthesis, and the remainder of nature’s inventive marvels? And if the answer's no, what's the mechanism that explains evolution’s velocity and efficiency?

In Arrival of the Fittest, well known evolutionary biologist Andreas Wagner attracts on over fifteen years of analysis to offer the lacking piece in Darwin's idea. utilizing experimental and computational applied sciences that have been heretofore unimagined, he has discovered that diversifications will not be simply pushed unintentionally, yet by means of a suite of legislation that permit nature to find new molecules and mechanisms in a fragment of the time that random version may take.

Consider the Arctic cod, a fish that lives and flourishes inside six levels of the North Pole, in waters that frequently fall under zero levels. At that temperature, the inner fluids of such a lot organisms develop into ice crystals. And but, the arctic cod survives by means of generating proteins that decrease the freezing temperature of its physique fluids, very like antifreeze does for a car’s engine coolant. the discovery of these proteins is an archetypal instance of nature’s huge, immense powers of creativity.
 
Meticulously researched, conscientiously argued, evocatively written, and entire of attention-grabbing examples from the animal nation, Arrival of the Fittest bargains up the ultimate puzzle piece within the secret of life’s wealthy variety.

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