Cleopatra: A Biography (Women in Antiquity)

By Duane W. Roller

Few personalities from classical antiquity are extra famous--yet extra poorly understood--than Cleopatra VII, queen of Egypt. during this significant biography, Duane curler finds that Cleopatra was once in truth a realized and visionary chief whose overarching target used to be consistently the renovation of her dynasty and nation.
Roller's authoritative account is the 1st to be dependent completely on fundamental fabrics from the Greco-Roman interval: literary assets, Egyptian files (Cleopatra's personal writings), and representations in artwork and coinage produced whereas she used to be alive. His compelling portrait of the queen illuminates her prowess as a royal administrator who controlled a wide and various nation extending from Asia Minor to the internal of Egypt, as a naval commander who led her personal fleet in conflict, and as a pupil and supporter of the humanities. Even her amorous affairs with Julius Caesar and Marcus Antonius--the resource of her recognition as a very best seductress who drove males to their doom--were rigorously crafted kingdom guidelines: she selected those companions to insure the procreation of successors who will be helpful of her unique dynasty. That Cleopatra finally misplaced to her Roman competitors, curler contends, by no means diminishes her abilities.

"Roller tells his story easily and accessibly....The ensuing portrait is that of a posh, many-sided determine, a effective Hellenistic ruler who may well flow the tillers of energy as skillfully as any guy, and one a ways and nobly faraway from the 'constructed icon' of well known imagination."
--The big apple occasions booklet Review

"A wealthy account of past due Ptolemaic culture."
--The New Yorker

"Offers a good landscape of the society and tradition of overdue Ptolemaic Egypt, with bright sketches of the (remarkably full of life) highbrow lifetime of Cleopatra's Alexandria and the structural instabilities of the past due Ptolemaic state."
--Times Literary Supplement

"Besides offering a compelling tale and respiring clean air right into a heretofore two-dimensional comic strip from heritage, Roller's 'Cleopatra' offers an attractive remark at the attitudes nonetheless universal in the direction of girls who rule."
--Christian technological know-how Monitor

"Compulsively readable."
--Bookslut

"A definitive account of a queen of outstanding strength."
--Publishers Weekly

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Like Cleopatra, he was once gazing occasions that decided his destiny rules. while the day trip reached Egypt, Antonius distinctive himself within the battles that resulted and avoided Ptolemy from massacring 24 Cleopatra the population of Pelousion. King Archelaos used to be killed within the moment conflict. Antonius stored his physique from desecration and ensured him a royal burial, an ironic harbinger of occasions of 25 years later. through April Ptolemy XII was once restored to his throne and to his relations, together with 14-year-old Cleopatra, who could have been extra inspired via the Roman officials whom she observed, specially Antonius, who so quick had gained such want with the Egyptians. In later years Antonius claimed to have fallen in love together with her at the present. forty three even though Antonius was once at first of his profession and his dating with Egypt, Gabinius paid dearly for his activities. On his go back to Rome he was once indicted either for exceeding his authority and accepting bribes. the rigors have been violent and lengthy, with a safety in accordance with the unsuitability of Archelaos to be king of Egypt, claiming that the Sibylline oracle—which appeared really explicit—had really talked about another king, and blaming Pompeius for every little thing. the 1st trial, for exceeding his authority, ended in acquittal, however the moment, for bribery, with Cicero protecting him, resulted in conviction. forty four It used to be rumored that Gabinius bribed the jury, maybe an unwise movement below the situations. evidently the pains have been just a small a part of the bigger political actions of the period, and Gabinius could have understood the stipulations within the East extra astutely than both these in Rome or the adverse assets that recorded his trials. forty five He went into exile till recalled seven years later by means of Caesar. His successor in Syria, none except Crassus, who in lots of methods had begun the whole Egyptian factor via offering annexation a decade formerly, had Egypt extra to his provincial command, even supposing carrying on with instability in Rome and Crassus’s demise almost immediately thereafter in his misbegotten Parthian day trip intended that this used to be extra a criminal technicality than fact. but it tested the inevitable process occasions. forty six no matter what joyous reunion Ptolemy may need had along with his relatives didn't expand to his daughter Berenike, who had adverse either him and his spouse, and she or he was once quickly finished in addition to a lot of her wealthiest supporters, a method for the king to realize profit. different indignities undefined. Gabinius had left a Roman garrison to prop up Ptolemy’s rule, which was once not just insulting to the locals yet brought on different difficulties, as its individuals tended to vanish into the streets of Alexandria, assaulting ladies and therefore making a Roman ethnic part during this multicultural urban. forty seven actually, might be like every significant port urban, Alexandria turns out to have attracted low characters from through the Mediterranean, Cleopatra’s Ancestry 25 including pirates, brigands, and fugitive slaves, and this further to a basic conception of lawlessness.

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